RAMAT GAN

RAMAT GAN (Heb. רָמַת גַּן; "Garden Height"), city in central Israel adjoining Tel Aviv. In 1914, 20 settlers from Eastern Europe formed a group called Ir-Gannim ("garden city"); they envisaged a garden suburb where they could enjoy a country-like life without having to relinquish the amenities of a city. The group resolved to carry out the building without the use of any hired labor and forbade the establishment of factories within the settlement's boundaries. The project became feasible only in December 1921. The proximity of Jaffa and expanding Tel Aviv engendered Ramat Gan's quick growth. In 1922 it had 140 inhabitants, but in 1926 already rated municipal council status with A. Krinitzi as its first mayor. In the 1930s relatively large industrial enterprises, instead of choosing Tel Aviv, preferred to establish themselves in Ramat Gan where land prices were cheaper. In 1939, the community had 5,000 inhabitants and grew vigorously. In 1948 its population was 19,000. Care was taken to preserve the design of the town. Avenues of trees were planted and many public gardens were laid out, utilizing mainly the slopes of the low sandstone hills. In 1948 the municipal area covered about 3 sq. mi. (7.92 sq. km.). After 1948 Ramat Gan's growth accelerated and city status was obtained in 1950. Population growth was most rapid in the early 1950s. In 1953 there were 42,000 inhabitants, in 1958, 71,500, and by 1963, 95,800. In 1961 bar-ilan university and the Tel ha-Shomer hospital were affiliated to Ramat Gan. By 1968 the city's population totaled 106,800. In 2002 it was 126,000, making it the 11th largest city in Israel. Bordering on Tel Aviv in the west and north, on Givatayim in the southwest, on Bene-Berak in the east and on Ramat ha-Sharon in the northeast, Ramat Gan, whose municipal area expanded to 4.7 sq. mi (12.2 sq. km.) in 2004, occupies a central position in the country's largest conurbation. The city has been one of Israel's foremost manufacturing centers (food preserves, chocolate, cigarettes, textile spinning, weaving, dyeing and finishing, metals, building materials, and wood). In 1968 the Israel Diamond Bourse was opened in Ramat Gan. Hotels and recreation sites constituted another branch of the city's economy. The largest of the city's network of gardens was the 494 acre (200 ha.) national park to the south with tropical tree species, a rose garden, and a large artificial lake with boating facilities. A quarter of the city's area is green. Ramat Gan has the country's largest sport stadium with a capacity of 60,000 and Israel's most important sports center. The Safari, a large zoo without bars, is also located in Ramat Gan, as is the maccabiah Village and many other installations and children's playgrounds belong to its municipal area. It has many cultural institutions (municipal library, museum, and lecture halls), and a chamber orchestra as well as the Beit-Zvi acting school and the Shenkar School of Engineering and Design. -WEBSITE: www.ramat-gan.muni.il . (Efraim Orni / Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ramat Gan — Ramat Gan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ramat-Gan — (he) רמת גן (ar) رمات جان …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramat Gan — (he) רמת גן (ar) رمات جان …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramat Gan — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ramat Gan Hebreo רמת גן Árabe رمات جان Significado ‘Altos del Jardín’ …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ramat Gan — [rä΄mət gän′, rə mät΄ gän′] city in W Israel, northeast of Tel Aviv: pop. 122,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Ramat Gan — Infobox Israel municipality name=Ramat Gan imgsize=80 imgsize3=250 caption3=Diamond Exchange Compound hebname=Hebrew|רָמַת גַּן arname=رمات جان meaning=Garden Heights founded=1921 type=city typefrom=1950 stdHeb= altOffSp= altUnoSp= district=ta… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramat Gan — Original name in latin Ramat Gan Name in other language Gan, Gorad Ramat Gan, Ramat Gan, Ramat Ganas, Ramat Nkan, Ramat Gan, la ma gan, lamateugan, ramat gani, rmat gan, rmat ghan, rmt gn, Горад Рамат Ган, Рамат Ган, Рамат Ган, State code IL… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ramat Gan — /rddah maht gahn / a city in central Israel, near Tel Aviv. 120,300. * * * ▪ Israel       city, west central Israel, on the Plain of Sharon just east of Tel Aviv–Yafo. Founded in 1921, it is the largest satellite city in the Tel Aviv–Yafo… …   Universalium

  • Ramat Gan —    A city on the outskirts of Tel Aviv founded in 1914 and into which the first settlers moved in 1922. Since Israel s independence, it has become one of the most important industrial centers of the country. Among its important activities is the… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Ramat Gan — Ramạt Gạn,   Stadt im östlichen Vorortbereich von Tel Aviv Jaffa, Israel, 126 900 Einwohner; Bar Ilan Universität (gegründet 1955); Diamantenbörse; Rosengarten, zoologischer Garten, Amphitheater; Textil und Bekleidungsindustrie, Obst und… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.